It is true that working in the private security industry can be a tough job. Working conditions are really bad in some areas. However, the situation also varies significantly from company to company. It is not uncommon for a change to offer better career opportunities, the chance to gain new experience and a more comfortable working environment.
Step 1: Analyse the situation carefully!
It is important to know what the causes of their own dissatisfaction are and know your own motivators. Analyse the reasons for dissatisfaction: Identify exactly what makes you unhappy. Is it the working environment, the tasks, the team, the remuneration or the corporate culture? The better you understand the causes, the easier it will be to find a solution.
Often the private environment also plays a role or a change in personal needs. Therefore, also consider these aspects in your analysis!
Step 2: Think through your options and weigh them up!
A next step would be a Brainstorming and research regarding the options available: What are my chances? How high are the risks? What happens if…? etc.
Many of the following options cost No money, only overcoming. However, some options are quite time-consuming and cost-intensive or even lengthy.
Find out about your rights: Make sure you are aware of your rights as an employee in the private security industry. This includes things like minimum wage, working time laws, holiday entitlements and overtime rules. If you know your rights, you can ensure that your employer respects them.
Talk to your employer: If you are dissatisfied with your pay or working conditions, you should tell your employer. Perhaps an open discussion can help bring about improvements. Perhaps your employer can also offer you opportunities to train or specialise to improve your career prospects and opportunities.
Change the field of activity (within the company): The private security industry is multifaceted. Many private security providers offer different services. Maybe another field is better suited for you. Talk to your supervisor about it, apply internally for another job. Sometimes an internal transfer to another area of responsibility helps.
Join the union: In Germany, there are trade unions that stand up for the rights of workers — for the guarding service, this is the Vereinte Dienstleistungsgewerkschaft (ver.di). If you become a member, you can benefit from their collective bargaining power and fight together with other workers for better working conditions and higher wages.
Search for further training opportunities: If you continue your education or specialise, you can improve your career prospects and often earn significantly higher wages. Think about what additional qualifications could be helpful for your job and look for appropriate training opportunities. You will have more options for action afterwards and be more in demand.
Network with othersMany job opportunities come about through recommendations and personal contacts. In addition, contact with others offers the opportunity to exchange experiences. If you have a strong network, this can help one gain new perspectives. In addition to personal exchange, online platforms such as Xing or Linkedin are recommended.
Look for another employer: If all the above steps do not lead to improvements, it may be wise to look for another employer. There are certainly companies in the private security industry that offer better working conditions and higher wages.
Last but not least: Do it better and start your own business! Of course, this step should be very well thought out. It is often an option to become self-employed on the side and thus start gradually with less risk. However, remember that your previous employer must play along. One possibility could be, for example, freelance work as a lecturer in the security industry.
Step 3: Set your personal goals!
Only if you know as precisely as possible what you want to achieve can you work towards it in a concrete way. In order to motivate oneself, it is very sensible to Write down and visualise your own goals. It can also be helpful to use the so-called SMART rule to set one’s own goals.
The SMART rule is an acronym used as a guide for the Formulation of clear and well-defined goals serves. It helps to formulate goals in such a way that they are realistic and achievable. The SMART rule stands for the following criteria:
Specific (Specific): The goal should be clearly and precisely formulated so that there is little room for interpretation and one is fully aware of one’s goal.
Measurable (Measurable): The goal should be measurable so that progress can be monitored and success objectively assessed. It can be defined by quantitative or qualitative indicators.
Executable (Achievable): The goal should be achievable. It should be challenging but achievable by you with the means available.
Realistic (Realistic): The goal should be realistic, i.e. it should be possible to implement it as intended under the actual given framework conditions.
Terminated (Time-bound): The goal should have a clear time frame by when it should be achieved. A clear deadline promotes motivation and focus on achieving the goal.
Here is an example of a goal formulated according to the SMART rule:
Non-SMART goal: I want to earn more money.
SMART goal: I would like to increase my monthly income by 20% by completing a further training course to become a certified protection and security worker in the next six months and then being employed by my employer directly.
By applying the SMART rule, the goal becomes concrete, measurable, achievable, relevant and has a clear timeframe. This increases the likelihood that you will successfully achieve your goal.
Step 4: Make a “battle plan” to achieve your goals!
Now it’s time for implementation planning. Plan the measures that contribute to your goals, e.g.:
When do I talk to my boss about better pay? Ask for a talk, send appointment suggestions!
What do other companies offer? Research job offers!
What do I earn after further training? Check the collective agreement that applies to you!
How much time can I set aside to further my education? Talk to your partner about your plans!
Does my idea for self-employment work? Work out a business plan!
How much will upgrading training cost me? Find out about costs and state subsidies!
How have other colleagues done it? Network and exchange ideas!
It often makes sense to approach different approaches in parallel and also to have a plan B (and plan C). Prioritise your goals! Link the different actions to your goals. Make calendar entries and work in a focused way to achieve intermediate goals and milestones!
Don’t let setbacks throw you off track! Stay persistent, focused and positive!
I hope that these tips will help you to improve your individual situation.
In 2019, the state and nationwide guard register was newly introduced, which is obligatory for the private security industry. In this article, you will learn what the purpose of the guard register is, who makes entries in it, what the guard ID is all about and much more that you should know as a security employee — but especially as a professional in the security industry.
Incidentally, the guard register can be found on the internet at www.bewacherregister.de
Basic information on the guard register (BWR)
The German Guarding Register is a central and digital register that contains information on guarding personnel (security staff) as well as on the guarding trade operator (security contractor) and the commercial enterprise (security company). Since July 2020, the Federal Ministry of the Interior and Home Affairs (BMI) has been responsible for the law on security guards and thus also for the register of security guards. As the federal authority responsible for the operational management of the register since October 2022 is the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis):
Since the introduction of the Guarding Register (BWR), all traders in the guarding sector are obliged to register their companies and their security staff in the BWR. In future, only the authorities responsible for enforcing the guarding laws may make changes to the entries of natural persons. For this purpose, traders provide information in the BWR on the qualification, reliability, identity and accessibility of security personnel.
About 1,300 municipal public order offices and other competent authorities of the Länder check the information provided, approve or reject commercial enterprises and security personnel. In doing so, they use the BWR to access information from the Association of German Chambers of Industry and Commerce (DIHK) regarding qualifications and from the Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution (BfV) regarding reliability.
If someone wants to work in the guarding business, they have to pass a background check. The results of this check are recorded in the guarding register. The register also contains information on professional qualifications as well as information on the identity of the registered person.
Employers in the security sector are obliged to carry out a search in the guard register before employing a security employee (guard). This is to ensure that only suitable and reliable persons are employed in the security sector.
The guard register is thus intended to contribute to improving security and quality in the security industry and to strengthening public confidence in the private security industry.
What is the guard register identification number?
The guard register identification number (in short: guard ID) is a unique identification numberwhich allows for clear identification and attribution. A guard ID is assigned when the guard is first entered into the register. The ID of a security guard is valid even if the employer changes, i.e. it always remains the same for a person — at least if one is continuously employed in the security sector without longer interruptions. Security guards, i.e. security contractors, also receive such a 7‑digit ID number.
How do I obtain a guard ID as an employee?
If you are new to the private security industry, you will receive your guard ID when you first enter the guard register. The initial registration is done by your (potential) employer. If you change security companies, you should request your guard ID directly from your previous employer. The advantage of this is that you can be released immediately because the register can be checked more quickly with the new employer. You should also find your guard ID as an indication on your service card.
Do I have to pay for the guard ID if I want to work in the private security industry?
No. In principle, the employer has to bear these costs, which arise from the (first-time) registration of the guard in the guard register. Some employers have the idea of charging these costs to the new employee or deducting them from the first salary. Such behaviour is not very serious. The situation is different, of course, if potential employees deliberately provide false information (e.g. about previous convictions): fair play for both sides!
Can I carry out all activities in the private security industry with a guard ID?
No. For certain activities you need the Examination of expertise according to § 34a GewO or additional qualifications such as weapons expertise. In addition, it may be that the competent authority attaches certain conditions to employment or prohibits employment completely, e.g. due to previous convictions.
Can I work in a security company without a guard ID?
Not in principle, but it depends on the specific activity: If you professionally guard lives or property of others, an entry in the guard register is required. Without a guard ID and clearance, you may not work for a security company as a security guard. However, there are activities that do not fall under guarding, such as pure stewarding activities or ticket validation. In this case, you are not working as a commercial security guard and do not need a guard ID.
As an employer, what do I have to pay particular attention to in the guard register?
First and foremost, it is important that all employed guards have been reported and that the Release has been carried out before they work in the security service for even the first minute. In addition, the concrete Range of application be specified and also regularly updated, e.g. if a security guard takes on more demanding tasks (e.g. as a shop detective or certain management tasks) instead of previously simple guarding tasks (e.g. in property protection), especially if for this the Examination of expertise according to § 34a Gewo required is.
A Dismissal of an employee for example, must be notified to the competent authority via the guard register no later than 7 weeks after termination of the employment relationship so that the employee can be deregistered.
Also Changes in the master data such as changes of address of employees, entrepreneurs and companies, new telephone availability, etc. must of course be reported in order to keep this information up to date.
It should also be noted that — depending on the local authority — the registration of new security staff can sometimes involve considerable waiting times during the examination of the registration up to the final release. Furthermore, every new installation for guards is a Fee to pay. This is currently usually at least 50 euros, but can also be considerably higher in some regions.
If a guard is already registered, i.e. an ID is available, this only needs to be re-linked — there are then no fees for the entrepreneur.
Incidentally, entries are currently automatically deleted after 12 months following the deregistration of security guards. This means that if an applicant registers with a guard ID and has not worked in the industry for over a year, it is very likely that the check will have to be completely redone.
To Traders is recorded: Surname, surname at birth, first name; sex; date of birth, place of birth, country; nationalities; telephone number, e‑mail address; registration address consisting of street, house number, postcode, town, addendum, country, state and regional key; places of residence in the last five years consisting of street, house number, postcode, country and state; type of identity document with issuing authority, issuing state, date of issue, identity document number, expiry date, machine-readable name if available and content of the machine-readable zone; if applicable. Further data for legal persons (e.g. legal form, registration number and registration court, business address, contact details).
To Commercial enterprise (security company), information such as the business name, legal form, type of register and further data on the entry in the register as well as the business address of the main branch and, if applicable, that of other business premises and, furthermore, additional data on accessibility such as telephone number and e‑mail address are stored.
To the Security guards (guards/security staff), the following personal data is stored: Family name, surname at birth, first names; gender; date of birth, place of birth, country of birth; nationalities; registration address consisting of street, house number, postcode, city, addendum, country, state and regional key; places of residence in the last five years consisting of street, house number, postcode, country and state; type of identification document with issuing authority, issuing state, date of issue, identification document number, expiry date, machine-readable name if available and content of the machine-readable zone.
In addition, among other things, the following is stored:
Date of granting of permission
Scope of permission
Expiry of the permit, if applicable
Indication of the activity of the guard
Prohibition of employment, if applicable
Reliability verification data (date, type and result of verification, etc.)
Indication of the contact details of the competent licensing authority
Status of the permit procedure
Data from the guard register interface to the Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution
Data on certificates of competence and training from the chambers of commerce and industry of guards and tradespeople
Contact details of the local competent authority
What are the advantages and disadvantages of the guard register?
Of course — the maintenance of the guard register is time-consuming. However, as an electronic register, it also offers advantages that lie in the digitalisation and harmonisation of the previously analogue (paper) processes.
These are significant advantages of the guard register:
Control of qualifications: The guard register enables a systematic control of the qualifications of security guards, as they have to prove at least a qualification according to § 34a GewO in order to be registered.
Customer safetyRegistration in the guard register provides clients with a higher level of security, as they know that the security guards employed are vetted and qualified.
Protection of the public: The guard register helps to increase the security of the public by excluding persons without the required expertise and personal reliability from carrying out security activities.
TransparencyThe guard register creates transparency about the qualifications and reliability of security guards and thus ensures more trust in the industry.
Minimising abuse: Registration in the guard register reduces the misuse of security services by unqualified or unreliable persons (e.g. persons with a relevant criminal record).
Legal basis and binding force: The guard register takes up legal regulations that standardise and regulate the training and qualification of security guards.
Efficient controls: The guard register enables the competent authorities to efficiently check whether security companies and employees comply with the legal requirements.
Professional developmentRegistration in the guard register sometimes promotes the professional development of security guards, as it creates incentives for further education and training.
Credibility of the industry: The Guard Register contributes to the credibility of the security industry by underlining the professionalism and seriousness of the registered companies and employees.
Efficient exchangeFrom information: The guard register enables authorities nationwide to quickly exchange relevant information on security forces, which improves cooperation and collaboration.
These are major disadvantages of the guard register:
Administrative burden: The establishment and maintenance of the guard register requires a certain amount of bureaucracy and administrative work, both for the authorities and for the companies wishing to register themselves and their staff.
CostsRegistration in the register of guards involves costs. There are, of course, up-front costs for those who have to undergo instruction, expert examination or special training — although this was required even without BWR.
Restriction of market access: Qualification and registration requirements can make market entry difficult for potential new entrants to the security industry.
Delays: Processing registration applications and issuing guard IDs can take time, which can lead to delays in recruiting security guards.
Protection of personal data: The guard register contains sensitive information about security guards, so it is important to protect the data from misuse or unauthorised access.
Monitoring effort: In order to ensure the effectiveness of the guard register, the competent authorities must carry out regular checks and monitoring measures, which means additional work.
Exceptions and loopholes: In some cases, security forces or companies might try to circumvent the registration requirement or exploit loopholes, which could compromise the effectiveness of the registry.
Guard Register: Vision & Reality
On the introduction of the guard register on 1 January 2019, the lawyer Jörg Zitzmann analysed in the Podcast for protection and security the background. He goes into the background of the introduction of the register, explains what the guard register means for traders and security staff, who is responsible, what data is collected and how high the costs are for the examination and register entries:
Overall, it can be said that the guard register has more advantages than disadvantages. It provides transparency, can increase security and confidence in the private security industry. If a guard ID has already been assigned, both employees looking for a new job and security companies benefit from accelerated electronic processing. Nevertheless, there are also disadvantages, such as the time-consuming initial creation and verification of employees, combined with not inconsiderable costs, which are not uniform nationwide, as well as the continuous data maintenance. Loopholes are also possible — especially if actual on-site checks of the deployed security staff are rare.
In the private security sector, shift work, night work and work on holidays are common working conditions. Security guards often perform challenging work to ensure the safety of facilities, events and people. Unfortunately the Wages in this sector often in the low-wage sector for example, in the separate security service. If hours are unexpectedly lost, e.g. because the employer loses an important contract, and the monthly target working time is not reached because of this (or for other reasons), it can become financially dicey as a 34a security guard. This article looks at the reasons that lead to the cancellation of working days and shows the possibilities that one then has as a security employee.
What are possible reasons why my employer schedules me on fewer assignment days?
First of all, the security company’s point of view should also be briefly examined at this point. The fact that you are on the duty roster less often has in most cases (hopefully) nothing to do with you personally, but has operational reasons. If these are explained transparently by the employer and you can understand them, this offers a better starting point for a solution to the problem that can be supported by both sides. It is possible, however, that this will lead to a change of employment or to you starting to look for a new job. Or maybe the “lean period” is only short and you can compensate for the hours by working extra hours in the following month or the employer accommodates you in some other way.
Here are ten possible reasons why your employer might want to reduce your working hours:
Lower customer demand: There could be less demand for security services, leading to a reduction in the number of man-hours needed.
Economic slowdown: It is possible that the economic situation has deteriorated, leading to resource constraints and cost savings.
Changes in the business strategy: Your employer may have changed its business strategy, leading to an adjustment of human resources.
Staff rotation: Possibly rotate staff to give all staff the opportunity to work and to distribute working hours more equitably.
Seasonal fluctuations: Working hours could be subject to seasonal fluctuations, for example if less security staff is needed in certain months.
Changes in contracts with clients: It is possible that contracts with clients have changed and this leads to a reduction in the volume of work.
Legal restrictions: There could be (new) legal restrictions, such as maximum limits for working hours or rest periods between shifts. Or the existing requirements (e.g. from the Working Hours Act) are now better followed up.
Company holidays or seasonal company breaksYour employer may have decided to reduce working hours during certain periods, such as company holidays or seasonal breaks (from customers). Also, for example, the Covid pandemic had caused temporary dislocation within the industry.
Internal company restructuring: Your employer may carry out internal restructuring leading to a reassessment of working hours and resource allocation.
What options do I have if my employer assigns me to less work?
Of course, it is not worth arguing about one or two hours. However, a loss of 20, 30, 40 per cent or even more hours is a big deal, because you also have to make a living. If your boss removes you from the duty roster, assigns you to significantly fewer shifts than usual and you don’t work your hours — then you have the following options:
Check employment contract! That is the most important point. As a rule, what is decisive is what has been agreed in your employment contract. For example, if it says “full-time”, the employer is obliged to employ you accordingly. What is meant by full-time is usually regulated in the respective collective agreement. Often a specific number of hours is also agreed. If, for example, 170 hours per month are contractually stipulated in your employment contract, this number of hours must be adhered to (apart from minor fluctuations, e.g. due to sick cover).
Consult the duty roster! Duty scheduling in security services, e.g. in factory security, is often done on the basis of a fixed shift rhythm. In this way, it is possible to plan roughly in advance — of course with a certain degree of uncertainty (e.g. due to eternal outstanding holiday planning). However, the actual duty roster for the following month is decisive: If it states 20 shifts, for example, then you are entitled to work this number of shifts. Once a duty roster has been published, it may only be changed again after consultation with the employees.
Seek dialogue and actively offer work performance! Many things can be clarified through communication. Seek to talk to your supervisor and reach a consensus. Important: Communicate that you do not agree with the changes and explicitly offer your work performance! Your employer is obliged to give you the work according to the existing employment contract, you provide your work performance according to the contract.
Your employer does not react? Send a written reminder! Inform your employer in writing about the aspects mentioned above. The written form is important so that you have proof. Set a deadline for your boss, but continue to be polite and cooperative. After all, you usually want to continue working for your employer.
If nothing helps: complain! If all else fails, the employer does not react and talks (possibly also with the works council) have not led to success, the only option is to take legal action before the labour court.
The expert knowledge examination in the guarding trade according to § 34a of the Trade, Commerce and Industry Regulation Act (Gewerbeordnung) is an important prerequisite for entering the profession in this field. It is intended to ensure that applicants have the necessary knowledge to guarantee the safety of people and the protection of property. In this context, the question arises whether it makes sense to just learn all possible exam questions and answers by heart without delving deeper into the content of the exam.
Exam questions: Theory and practice
No question — learning with 34a exam questions offers many advantages. Pure memorisation of exam questions and answers is not a suitable preparation method in this context, as the exam may also include situational questions. This is especially the case in the oral part of the exam. In addition, it is important to understand the connections between different subject areas and to be able to apply them to concrete practical cases. Superficial preparation may lead to some candidates passing the exam but not being able to apply their knowledge in practice. As a rule, however, passing the exam also becomes a challenge if one only learns by heart and has not gained a real understanding of the contents.
Furthermore, it is important not only to know the legal basics and the relevant regulations, but also to understand the psychological and communicative aspects of the profession. After all, private security guards must not only recognise and ward off dangers, but also be able to apply de-escalation techniques and deal with difficult situations. This also includes communicating effectively and resolving conflicts. Of course, it is not only the learning content that plays a role here, but above all professional experience and the passing on of experience, e.g. within the framework of a preparatory course or in exchange with experienced colleagues. Incidentally, there is a focus on the legal topics of the 34a professional qualification examination. Topics such as criminal law or civil law are Weighted twice in the written examination. One should not leave any points lying around lightly by understanding the legal matter here, not to mention the risks of legal ignorance when later working in the security service.
Understanding the contents of the examination
Exam candidates should engage intensively with the content of the exam and try to gain a deeper understanding. They should not only deal with the facts, but also with the contexts and the meaning of what they have learned. One way to do this is to talk to other people who are also preparing for the exam or are already working in the industry. Practical experience can also help to deepen understanding and apply what has been learned. Generally recommended are Books, online courses and classroom trainingThe course is designed to provide a context and not to work exclusively with test questions and solutions. Explanations based on case studies can make a significant contribution to understanding, especially legal topics.
In summary, it does not make sense to just memorise all possible exam questions and answers without delving deeper into the content of the exam. Instead, candidates should deal intensively with the contents of the exam and try to gain a deeper understanding. This can help them not only to pass the exam but also to be able to apply their knowledge in practice and to work successfully in the private security industry.
Learning with exam questions is a proven method used by many students to improve their understanding and knowledge of certain topics.
Why 34a preparation with exam questions makes sense
When answering exam questions, you get feedback on how well you have understood the material and can work specifically on the difficult parts to improve your knowledge. You can identify gaps in your understanding and target them. Through regular feedback, you can ensure that you are continuously improving and track your progress. Another advantage of learning with exam questions is the deeper engagement with the learning content. When answering exam questions, one has to deal with the content more intensively and make connections between different topics. By delving deeper into the information, one can gain a deeper understanding of the topic. By repeating and applying the information, memory is improved. When you study a topic intensively and actively apply what you have learned, it sticks better in your memory. Exam questions also focus attention on the most important aspects of the learning material and help to eliminate irrelevant information. By focusing on relevant information, the brain is better able to absorb and process it. This leads to a better understanding of the learning material. One of the most important benefits of learning with exam questions is the simulation of an exam situation. This can also help to reduce exam anxiety. Exam anxiety can be a significant barrier to learning, as it can cause you to perform worse than you actually could. By practising exam questions, you can become more attuned to the type of questions and the exam process. This can help reduce exam anxiety and boost confidence.
Other advantages of learning with exam questions
More effective time management: By practising exam questions, you can better estimate how much time you need for certain questions. This helps you to manage your time more effectively during an exam.
Increased motivation: Practising exam questions regularly and noticing that you are making progress can increase your motivation. You feel better prepared and motivated to apply what you have learned.
Improved error analysis: When you answer exam questions, you learn to analyse your mistakes more closely, to understand what concepts or subject areas you did not fully understand. This can help you to work on these areas more specifically.
Improved exam results: By studying with exam questions, you can go into an exam better prepared. You already know the type of questions and the exam process, so you are less stressed. This can help you achieve better exam results.
Overall, learning with exam questions offers many advantages. It helps to improve the understanding of learning content, strengthen memory and reduce the fear of exams. Through regular feedback and targeted practice, you can work specifically on the difficult parts and track your progress. Learning with exam questions is an effective way to prepare for exams and succeed. Preparing for the exam with exam questions is therefore an important factor in successfully passing the IHK exam. Why memorising alone is not necessarily enough to pass the 34a exam, learn more in this blog post.
Security guards play an important role in the private security industry and are often the first point of contact for customers and visitors. If you are a security guard looking for a new job, a successful application can make the difference between success and failure. The chances are quite good due to the situation on the labour market. It is also called an employee market — meaning: there are hardly enough qualified applicants for the current vacancies. You have — depending of course on some factors like your education and the desired place of work — in principle a good choice!
In this article we will give you tips and advice on how to successfully apply and find your dream job in the private security industry.
10 application tips for security guards in the private security sector
Create a meaningful cover letter
The cover letter is the first impression you make on a potential employer. It is important that you take time to create a strong cover letter that highlights your experience, skills and motivation. Make sure you tailor the cover letter to the company and the security job advertised and that you find out about the company and its activities.
Update your CV
Your CV is your most important application document and should showcase your work experience, skills and qualifications. Update your CV before you apply and make sure it is clear and easy to read. Use bullet points and clear formatting to highlight important information. Also include what training and certifications you have completed and what experience you have had in the security industry. Provide your certificates of competency, references and any training certificates. Do not include Fake documents and convince you with a professional correct expression.
Emphasise your skills and experience
As a security guard, you should be able to quickly recognise dangerous situations and react to them appropriately. In your application, emphasise your skills and experience in the field of security and make sure to highlight your competences in the areas of communication, conflict resolution and de-escalation. However, do not exaggerate, e.g. by eccentrically sprawling narratives of your past exploits as a security employee!
Be prepared for the interview
An interview is your chance to present your best side and convince the employer of your skills. Prepare for the interview by reading up on the company, preparing questions and thinking about the answers you would give. Make sure you are on time and well prepared for the interview and that you clearly present your qualifications and experience.
Stay positive and confident
As a security guard, it is important that you appear positive and confident. Be confident in your skills and experience and convey to your potential employer that you are the best choice for the job. Remain professional and polite throughout the application process and make sure you leave a positive impression. At this point, please do not badmouth your old or previous employer. This does not make a good impression and the management staff in the private security industry are often better connected than you think!
Use your network
Use your professional network to find potential employers and learn about job openings. Talk to former colleagues, supervisors and other contacts in the security industry and ask for recommendations or information about vacancies. Online platforms such as LinkedIn or XING can also help you find potential employers and make contacts. You can also indicate there that you are open to offers. Sometimes headhunters also get in touch who can be helpful in finding jobs.
Be flexible and open to new challenges
In the private security industry, there are a variety of tasks and positions that require different skills and experience. Be flexible and open to new challenges and check whether you are suitable for other positions or tasks. You may be able to contribute your skills and experience better in another position or be interested in a new challenge.
Present yourself professionally
As a security guard, you are the company’s figurehead and should therefore present yourself in a professional manner. Make sure that you wear appropriate clothing and make a well-groomed impression at job interviews or other professional occasions. Also pay attention to your body language and appearance and make sure you communicate politely and professionally.
Do not shy away from high demands
A maximum of 20 years and 10 years of professional experience — of course that’s not possible. Employers often write quite a few requirements in the job advertisements. Don’t be afraid of this, but be honest if you don’t (yet) meet a requirement. You can still gain experience in your new job, you can improve your foreign language skills by taking courses on the side (e.g. at the adult education centre) and you can make up for missing additional training. Employers are often more flexible than you think, especially if it is otherwise a good (human) fit!
Keep your eye on the ball and don’t be afraid of setbacks!
Landing a direct hit on your first application and getting your dream job is the exception rather than the rule. Don’t be afraid if you don’t succeed with your first application, but try again somewhere else. Often it is helpful to ask for open feedback about why you did not make it to the shortlist or to have professional application training, where your application documents are also reviewed and optimised. Just stay on the ball here, subscribe to relevant job offers on job portals. You will then be automatically notified when new vacancies arise in your search radius.
A successful application in the private security industry requires time, effort and commitment. Use the tips above to optimise your application and find your dream job. Stay on the ball and continue your education. Compare job offers and try to sell yourself in the best possible way. Be confident, flexible and professional and show your potential employer that you are the perfect choice for the job.
The private security industry is an important economic sector in Germany and employs many people. In 2022, there were a total of just under 260,000 employees in the private security sector in Germany, working in around 5,700 guard and security companies. These are considerable figures. Private security is increasingly taking over formerly purely sovereign tasks in certain areas and has thus become an important player — partly also in the area of public safety and order.
But how will private security develop in the future? Will human security guards increasingly be replaced by machines? Or will humans continue to play an important role in the security industry in the future? In this article we take a look at the future of the private security industry in Germany.
The role of people in the private security industry
Human security personnel have many advantages over machines. They can assign human actions more unerringly and react adequately. They can better assess dangerous situations and act appropriately. They have the ability to react to unforeseen events and act flexibly. Especially in situations where empathy, understanding and interpersonal communication are important, human security personnel are irreplaceable.
Furthermore, there are certain activities in the security industry that are difficult to automate. For example, monitoring people and checking identification documents requires a high level of expertise, experience and empathy. These activities also require cognitive skills such as critical thinking, problem solving and decision making, which currently cannot be fully taken over by machines.
The role of machines in the private security industry
However, there are also activities in the security sector that can be supported by machines. For example, cameras and other technical devices can be used to monitor buildings and public places. The recordings can be analysed by human security guards in order to recognise and react to dangerous situations. However, systems that evaluate the recorded image material directly with the help of a computer and sound the alarm if necessary are faster and more reliable in the masses.
The first automated systems, for example in the area of access control, already existed many years ago. Guard robots that are equipped with detectors and, for example, patrol warehouses fully automatically have also been used for some time. Drone technology is also becoming increasingly popular for applications in the private security sector — for example, when it comes to alarm tracking or verification. Here, however, the legal hurdles are still quite high and often prevent its use in practice.
In addition, technologies such as AI and machine learning can be used to detect patterns and anomalies in large amounts of data. In this way, security forces can be alerted to potential threats at an early stage and react accordingly.
The future of the private security industry
It is unlikely that machines will completely replace human security guards. Humans will continue to play an important role in the security industry. However, machines will play an increasingly important role and support human security guards in certain activities. Private security companies must adapt to these changes and train and develop their staff accordingly to meet the demands of the future.
The future of the private security industry in Germany will be shaped by a combination of human labour and the capabilities of machines. Humans will not be replaced, but will develop further and take on other activities. This means that there will be a shift in tasks. While perception tasks can largely be taken over by machines, private security forces will increasingly take on other, more demanding tasks.
In the following article, I would like to suggest the various learning options, with their advantages and disadvantages, for preparing for the Sachkundeprüfung § 34a GewO — a guest article by The Safety Guru.
Classes are held in an academy, usually on a full-day basis. In a structured classroom environment, a learning situation is created for the students in which a lecturer takes on the role of a knowledge broker. The teacher can use different learning methods to facilitate the students’ learning. These may include lectures, discussions, group work, demonstrations or experiments. In class, students can also ask questions directly and receive feedback from the lecturer or classmates, which improves understanding of the learning material. Classes can also provide opportunities to foster social skills and collaboration as students work and learn together.
Online teaching is similar to traditional teaching, but it takes place over the internet. The lecturer uses various digital tools to facilitate the students’ learning. Examples of digital tools can be: video and audio chat, online courses, learning platforms, virtual classrooms or e‑learning modules. Online teaching can be particularly advantageous in today’s world, as it offers the possibility to continue teaching even in times of pandemics or other circumstances that affect normal teaching. Another advantage of online teaching is that students can learn from anywhere as long as they have an internet connection. And also like face-to-face classes, students can ask questions and get feedback from the instructor or classmates, which can improve their understanding of the learning material.
Self-learning with book and YouTube videos
Self-learner with book and YouTube videos are people who learn independently by obtaining information from books or videos on the internet. This form of learning is less structured and requires more discipline and initiative from the learners. Unlike classroom or online learning, self-learners have the freedom to set their own pace and choose the content of the learning material. However, there is also a risk that self-learners may have difficulty achieving their learning goals due to a lack of structure and guidance. Learners need to motivate and discipline themselves to learn continuously. It is also more difficult to ask questions and receive feedback because there is no direct contact with a teacher or other learners.
Advantages and disadvantages
Overall, all three forms of learning — face-to-face teaching, online teaching and self-learning with books and YouTube videos — have advantages and disadvantages:
Structured learning environment
Interaction with the lecturer and classmates
Opportunity to ask questions and receive feedback
Promoting social skills and cooperation
Possible dependence on the lecturer
Restrictions on flexibility, as lessons take place at fixed times
Not all students may be able to follow the teaching method
Flexibility, as teaching can take place from anywhere as long as an internet connection is available
Possibility to continue teaching even if there are restrictions that affect traditional teaching
Access to a variety of digital tools to enhance the learning process
Possibility to record lessons and watch them again later on
Possible limitations in interaction with the lecturer and classmates
Technical problems can affect the learning process
Possibly the learning environment is less structured than in traditional teaching
Not all students may be technically equipped or have a sufficient internet connection to participate in online classes.
Self-learning with books and YouTube videos
Freedom to set your own learning goal and pace
Access to a wide range of learning materials
Flexibility to shape learning according to one’s own needs and preferences
No dependence on a teacher or other learners
Possible restrictions on motivation and discipline
Possible lack of structure and guidance
Possible difficulties in clarifying questions and feedback
Possibly more difficult to promote social skills and cooperation
Overall, it is important to note that none of the learning styles are perfect and it depends on which learning style best suits the learner’s individual needs and preferences. Furthermore, the different learning styles can of course be combined with each other. Especially the possibility to use YouTube videos as a supplement for any kind of learning is very good. And here my recommendation lies on the YouTube videos of the SecurityGuru34a. These videos are clearly structured, informative, easy to understand and therefore very helpful. With the help of these videos, one can learn at one’s own pace and deepen content that was not so well conveyed in class. There is complete lessons and Sample exams with explanations of the questions and answers.
I hope that with this article I have been able to give you an understanding of the different learning methods and that you will find the right method for you.
The learning platform Sachkun.de is one of the best-known online offers for 34a preparation. The platform with e‑learning, test questions, mock exams and online help has been around since 2005, and more than 10,000 people have used it to prepare online for the 34a examination.
New: Sachkun.de 2.0
Recently, eLearning at www.sachkun.de was completely redesigned. More than 1,000 exam-related test questions, goal-oriented learning texts, instructional videos and even weekly live online seminars now await learners. The 34a preparation is available in three different versions: Classic, Pro and VIP. Those who book VIP also have access to a WhatsApp group in which they can ask questions and exchange information with other Sachkunde learners. What is new is that the preparation now runs completely via a convenient mobile phone app in which you can learn with 34a questions around the clock, i.e. 24/7 — depending on the tariff for 30, 60 or even 100 days.
Coupon code for www.sachkun.de
With the voucher code SK10YT you currently get 10% Discount on all tariffs. Click here to go directly to the Offer on www.sachkun.de.
About Sachkun.de expertise preparation
Sachkun.de is certainly not the cheapest provider on the market, but it has proven itself for years. The positive reviews on the net speak for the quality of the platform. This is also ensured by the qualifications of the operators of the 34a learning platform around Jörg Zitzmann. It should also be noted that the exam-related questions and condensed learning texts make it possible to prepare for the IHK exam very efficiently, i.e. in a particularly time-saving manner. If questions of understanding remain unanswered, a lecturer is available — depending on the tariff — in the weekly video session or additionally also in the WhatsApp 34a learning group. This ensures that participants’ questions are always answered — as in a face-to-face course — and that all content is understood. With prices roughly between 1.80 and 3.00 euros per day (as of 5 March 2023), the price-performance ratio is very reasonable. The money-back guarantee, which takes effect if you fail the 34a exam several times despite preparation, also contributes to security.
Wir werden hier im Blog nach und nach weitere Anbieter vorstellen. Wir freuen uns über Ihre Meinungen und Erfahrungen zur 34a-Prüfungsvorbereitung! Hinterlassen Sie gerne einen Kommentar 🙂
You don’t feel like taking the exam and preparing for it, you’ve already failed the Chamber of Industry and Commerce’s expert knowledge exam several times or you just want to save time and money — all of these can be reasons why people keep looking for “buy a 34a licence”. This article explains why this is not a particularly good idea.
Can you actually buy the “34a note”?
A short Google search it shows: Yes, you can buy a piece of paper that looks like it is an official document of a chamber of commerce and industry. But be careful! If you use such fake examination certificates, you are liable to prosecution. What you are allowed to do is hang such a piece of fantasy paper in your own hallway for amusement or use it as a lighter for the next barbecue party. However, if you use such a piece of paper in legal transactions, i.e. in the context of a job application or to register your security company, you commit forgery according to Section 267 of the Criminal Code:
(1) Any person who, for the purpose of deceiving in legal transactions, produces a false document, falsifies a genuine document or uses a false or falsified document shall be liable to a custodial sentence not exceeding five years or to a monetary penalty. (2) The attempt is punishable. (3) In particularly serious cases, the penalty shall be imprisonment for a term of six months to ten years. […]
The providers of such dubious services also know that offering IHK examination certificates, school-leaving certificates and other certificates, including doctorates, is legally questionable. They are mainly interested in making money quickly. The providers are usually based abroad or are not available and thus avoid legal disputes. This is because sellers may also be liable to prosecution because they use trademarks and thus legally protected identifying features (e.g. the logo) of the issuing organisations. In addition, some sellers even deliberately create the impression that it is a legally issued document and at the same time advertise that one may use these fake documents in legal transactions. Thus, the sellers often also pretend false facts and thus partly also call, at least indirectly, to use the sold fake like a real document. As a buyer, you can always be prosecuted and make yourself liable to prosecution if you actually use such a fantasy document professionally.
Where can I buy the certificate of competence?
The only legal way to obtain the “certificate of successful completion of a specialist knowledge examination” (this is the correct term) is to successfully complete the IHK specialist knowledge examination. You can find many free Tips for exam preparation, Test questions and a Help forum on this website. By the way, taking the real exam can even be cheaper than some of the illegal fake certificate offers. Honesty is the best policy! Don’t get involved in fake offers with fake proofs! It’s not worth it, because you will be exposed. And for the price you then pay, you could have prepared properly for the exam and passed it quite regularly.
What does a forged certificate of competence cost?
Prices start at just under 10 euros for a personalised fake certificate for direct PDF download.
This “low-cost provider” of fake proofs emphasises that you are not allowed to use the purchased documents, but for his own security he has nevertheless indicated a company headquarters in the USA. He knows why.
Possibly the tip of the iceberg is a provider offering all kinds of examination certificates and degrees — including various professional qualifications, school-leaving certificates, bachelor’s and master’s degrees from colleges, university diplomas and even doctorates. Such printed papers are available for a “ridiculous price” of several hundred euros — apparently a worthwhile business. He also promotes the offer commercially through an advertisement on Google, which appears at the top of the results page for the relevant search terms — see illustration below. This fraudulent trader even advertises that it is a legal offer and “100% genuine and registered documents, which can be checked by the university/training company, or even by your employer”. complete bullshit!
Let’s talk turkey: If you buy a fake or make one yourself and print it out, you’ll be caught anyway — and then it will be really unpleasant and really expensive. You will learn why this is inevitable in the next section.
Why it’s really stupid to present a forged 34a certificate.…
Just a few years ago, one would have considered a factualunThe only way that a knowledgeable security employee could have been lucky is if the forged certificate had not been noticed during the application process, during a customs or police check or in the course of an enquiry with the examining Chamber of Industry and Commerce (IHK). But since 1 June 2019, there is the central guard register, where all data converge. Your employer must report you there before you start employment and wait for clearance. Only then will you receive a guard ID as a security guard and be allowed to start. In the course of this check and data comparison, it quickly becomes apparent if you have submitted a false document. You bear the full consequences under criminal and civil law!