34a cer­ti­fi­ca­te

The­se are the advan­ta­ges of lear­ning with exam ques­ti­ons for the 34a exam

These are the advantages of learning with exam questions for the 34a exam

Lear­ning with exam ques­ti­ons is a pro­ven method used by many stu­dents to impro­ve their under­stan­ding and know­ledge of cer­tain topics. 

Why 34a pre­pa­ra­ti­on with exam ques­ti­ons makes sense

When ans­we­ring exam ques­ti­ons, you get feed­back on how well you have unders­tood the mate­ri­al and can work spe­ci­fi­cal­ly on the dif­fi­cult parts to impro­ve your know­ledge. You can iden­ti­fy gaps in your under­stan­ding and tar­get them. Through regu­lar feed­back, you can ensu­re that you are con­ti­nuous­ly impro­ving and track your pro­gress.
Ano­ther advan­ta­ge of lear­ning with exam ques­ti­ons is the deeper enga­ge­ment with the lear­ning con­tent. When ans­we­ring exam ques­ti­ons, one has to deal with the con­tent more inten­si­ve­ly and make con­nec­tions bet­ween dif­fe­rent topics. By del­ving deeper into the infor­ma­ti­on, one can gain a deeper under­stan­ding of the topic. By repea­ting and app­ly­ing the infor­ma­ti­on, memo­ry is impro­ved. When you stu­dy a topic inten­si­ve­ly and actively app­ly what you have lear­ned, it sticks bet­ter in your memo­ry.
Exam ques­ti­ons also focus atten­ti­on on the most important aspects of the lear­ning mate­ri­al and help to eli­mi­na­te irrele­vant infor­ma­ti­on. By focu­sing on rele­vant infor­ma­ti­on, the brain is bet­ter able to absorb and pro­cess it. This leads to a bet­ter under­stan­ding of the lear­ning mate­ri­al.
One of the most important bene­fits of lear­ning with exam ques­ti­ons is the simu­la­ti­on of an exam situa­ti­on. This can also help to redu­ce exam anxie­ty. Exam anxie­ty can be a signi­fi­cant bar­ri­er to lear­ning, as it can cau­se you to per­form worse than you actual­ly could. By prac­ti­sing exam ques­ti­ons, you can beco­me more attu­n­ed to the type of ques­ti­ons and the exam pro­cess. This can help redu­ce exam anxie­ty and boost confidence.

Other advan­ta­ges of lear­ning with exam questions


Over­all, lear­ning with exam ques­ti­ons offers many advan­ta­ges. It helps to impro­ve the under­stan­ding of lear­ning con­tent, streng­then memo­ry and redu­ce the fear of exams. Through regu­lar feed­back and tar­ge­ted prac­ti­ce, you can work spe­ci­fi­cal­ly on the dif­fi­cult parts and track your pro­gress. Lear­ning with exam ques­ti­ons is an effec­ti­ve way to prepa­re for exams and suc­ceed. Pre­pa­ring for the exam with exam ques­ti­ons is the­r­e­fo­re an important fac­tor in suc­cessful­ly pas­sing the IHK exam. Why memo­ri­sing alo­ne is not neces­s­a­ri­ly enough to pass the 34a exam, learn more in this blog post.

Tip: Exam ques­ti­ons on YouTube

34a-Pre­pa­ra­ti­on: Which form of tea­ching is best for you?

34a-Preparation: Which form of teaching is best for you?

Which form of tea­ching is best for you?

In the fol­lo­wing artic­le, I would like to sug­gest the various lear­ning opti­ons, with their advan­ta­ges and dis­ad­van­ta­ges, for pre­pa­ring for the Sach­kunde­prüf­ung § 34a GewO — a guest artic­le by The Safe­ty Guru.

Fron­tal teaching

Clas­ses are held in an aca­de­my, usual­ly on a full-day basis.
In a struc­tu­red class­room envi­ron­ment, a lear­ning situa­ti­on is crea­ted for the stu­dents in which a lec­tu­rer takes on the role of a know­ledge bro­ker. The tea­cher can use dif­fe­rent lear­ning methods to faci­li­ta­te the stu­dents’ lear­ning. The­se may include lec­tures, dis­cus­sions, group work, demons­tra­ti­ons or expe­ri­ments. In class, stu­dents can also ask ques­ti­ons direct­ly and recei­ve feed­back from the lec­tu­rer or class­ma­tes, which impro­ves under­stan­ding of the lear­ning mate­ri­al. Clas­ses can also pro­vi­de oppor­tu­ni­ties to fos­ter social skills and col­la­bo­ra­ti­on as stu­dents work and learn together.

Online les­sons

Online tea­ching is simi­lar to tra­di­tio­nal tea­ching, but it takes place over the inter­net. The lec­tu­rer uses various digi­tal tools to faci­li­ta­te the stu­dents’ lear­ning. Examp­les of digi­tal tools can be: video and audio chat, online cour­ses, lear­ning plat­forms, vir­tu­al class­rooms or e‑learning modu­les. Online tea­ching can be par­ti­cu­lar­ly advan­ta­ge­ous in today’s world, as it offers the pos­si­bi­li­ty to con­ti­nue tea­ching even in times of pan­de­mics or other cir­cum­s­tances that affect nor­mal tea­ching. Ano­ther advan­ta­ge of online tea­ching is that stu­dents can learn from any­whe­re as long as they have an inter­net con­nec­tion. And also like face-to-face clas­ses, stu­dents can ask ques­ti­ons and get feed­back from the ins­truc­tor or class­ma­tes, which can impro­ve their under­stan­ding of the lear­ning material.

Self-lear­ning with book and You­Tube videos

Self-lear­ner with book and You­Tube vide­os are peo­p­le who learn inde­pendent­ly by obtai­ning infor­ma­ti­on from books or vide­os on the inter­net. This form of lear­ning is less struc­tu­red and requi­res more disci­pli­ne and initia­ti­ve from the lear­ners. Unli­ke class­room or online lear­ning, self-lear­ners have the free­dom to set their own pace and choo­se the con­tent of the lear­ning mate­ri­al. Howe­ver, the­re is also a risk that self-lear­ners may have dif­fi­cul­ty achie­ving their lear­ning goals due to a lack of struc­tu­re and gui­dance. Lear­ners need to moti­va­te and disci­pli­ne them­sel­ves to learn con­ti­nuous­ly. It is also more dif­fi­cult to ask ques­ti­ons and recei­ve feed­back becau­se the­re is no direct cont­act with a tea­cher or other learners.

Advan­ta­ges and disadvantages

Over­all, all three forms of lear­ning — face-to-face tea­ching, online tea­ching and self-lear­ning with books and You­Tube vide­os — have advan­ta­ges and disadvantages:

Fron­tal teaching



Online les­sons



Self-lear­ning with books and You­Tube videos




Over­all, it is important to note that none of the lear­ning styl­es are per­fect and it depends on which lear­ning style best suits the learner’s indi­vi­du­al needs and pre­fe­ren­ces.
Fur­ther­mo­re, the dif­fe­rent lear­ning styl­es can of cour­se be com­bi­ned with each other. Espe­ci­al­ly the pos­si­bi­li­ty to use You­Tube vide­os as a sup­ple­ment for any kind of lear­ning is very good. And here my recom­men­da­ti­on lies on the You­Tube vide­os of the SecurityGuru34a. The­se vide­os are cle­ar­ly struc­tu­red, infor­ma­ti­ve, easy to under­stand and the­r­e­fo­re very hel­pful. With the help of the­se vide­os, one can learn at one’s own pace and deepen con­tent that was not so well con­vey­ed in class.
The­re is com­ple­te les­sons and Sam­ple exams with expl­ana­ti­ons of the ques­ti­ons and answers.

I hope that with this artic­le I have been able to give you an under­stan­ding of the dif­fe­rent lear­ning methods and that you will find the right method for you.

Under­stan­ding exam ques­ti­ons and ans­we­ring them cor­rect­ly: 10 simp­le tac­ti­cal tips for pas­sing the writ­ten IHK exami­na­ti­on (34a certificate)

Understanding exam questions and answering them correctly: 10 simple tactical tips for passing the written IHK examination (34a certificate)

Free tests and exam ques­ti­ons to prepa­re for the expert know­ledge exami­na­ti­on (§ 34a GewO) are very useful for prac­ti­sing. Howe­ver, tac­ti­cal tips are almost as important. Becau­se even if you don’t imme­dia­te­ly know the ans­wer to an exam ques­ti­on in the 34a test, you can pass the 34a exam with the help of a few tips & tricks.

No idea, no ans­wer? Plea­se don’t!

You can’t know ever­y­thing. Even if you have pre­pared well for the 34a test with test ques­ti­ons, mock exams and other stu­dy mate­ri­al, you may sim­ply not know what to do with some ques­ti­ons. Yes, you do: Even if you don’t know the ans­wer to an exam ques­ti­on, you can still clear the hurd­le of the expert know­ledge exam!

10 simp­le tips on how to pass the exami­na­ti­on of pro­fes­sio­nal competence

If you take the fol­lo­wing tips for the writ­ten IHK exami­na­ti­on for exper­ti­se § 34a GewO into account, you can also score points for gaps in your knowledge:

  1. It can a solu­ti­on be cor­rect, or it can two solu­ti­ons be cor­rect. The­r­e­fo­re, never give three or more solu­ti­ons as correct!
  2. Sin­gu­lar or plu­ral? Pay atten­ti­on to whe­ther in the Ques­tio­ning after one or more cor­rect ans­wers is asked! Exam­p­le: In the case of a ques­ti­on that beg­ins with “What pre­re­qui­si­teen, a secu­ri­ty guard must ful­fil,…” beg­ins, the­re is more than one cor­rect solution.
  3. Note the Con­text of the ques­ti­on (sub­ject area)! If, for exam­p­le, a ques­ti­on is asked about a fact in cri­mi­nal law (StGB), an ans­wer refer­ring to civil law (BGB) can­not be correct. 
  4. Pay atten­ti­on to Nega­ti­ve for­mu­la­ti­onsIf the­re is a nega­ti­ve in the ques­ti­on, so may­be the ques­ti­on is asking you to tick what exact­ly you want to tick. not appli­es? Then you need to rethink and choo­se exact­ly the oppo­si­te ans­wer options!
  5. Key terms like “never” or “never or “always” or “always should be war­ning signs! It is rather rare that e.g. pro­hi­bi­ti­ons or per­mis­si­ons always or never app­ly, i.e. are abso­lu­te. For many things the­re are excep­ti­ons or cer­tain frame­work con­di­ti­ons and no strict black and white. Such key terms in an ans­wer indi­ca­te that it is rather wrong. 
  6. Other terms that should set alarm bells rin­ging are tho­se such as “exclu­si­ve­ly” or “wit­hout excep­ti­on”. The same appli­es here as in the pre­vious tip. It is not often that some­thing appli­es wit­hout any exception.
  7. In the writ­ten exami­na­ti­on you have enough time. Take your time and read the ques­ti­ons in detail and, if neces­sa­ry, seve­ral times. If you can­not think of the ans­wer, put the ques­ti­on back. Mark the ques­ti­on so that you do not for­get to look at it again later.
  8. You are unsu­re of the cor­rect ans­wer to a ques­ti­on. Work accor­ding to the Exclu­si­on prin­ci­ple and sort out the pos­si­bi­li­ties that defi­ni­te­ly can­not be true. This often helps.
  9. If you don’t have a clue about a ques­ti­on, don’t lea­ve it unans­we­red. Guess if you have to! Not ans­we­ring a ques­ti­on defi­ni­te­ly gets you 0 points. Even if your gut tells you one or two solu­ti­ons, luck may be on your side.
  10. Final­ly, the most important thing: Even if this artic­le is about “tac­tics tips” in the nar­rower sen­se — it’s not about tac­tics. prepa­re yours­elf! Time­ly and pur­po­seful lear­ning is the essen­ti­al fac­tor for pas­sing the examination.

Insi­der tips

You can get many more tips on how to suc­cessful­ly mas­ter the 34a pro­fes­sio­nal qua­li­fi­ca­ti­on exami­na­ti­on if you read our free news­let­ter sub­scri­be. Direct­ly after­wards we will send you our 34a PDF with a total of 25 tips for the expert exami­na­ti­on to.

Exper­ti­se tips and exam ques­ti­ons on YouTube

I would like to recom­mend two hel­pful vide­os for the pre­pa­ra­ti­on for the 34a licence, which you can find in the You­Tube chan­nel of the Aca­de­my for Secu­ri­ty find:

What is a 34a examination?

What is a 34a examination?

The expert know­ledge exami­na­ti­on accor­ding to § 34a of the Trade, Com­mer­ce and Indus­try Regu­la­ti­on Act is an ent­ry-level qua­li­fi­ca­ti­on for employees in the pri­va­te secu­ri­ty indus­try. It ser­ves as pro­of of basic know­ledge, espe­ci­al­ly with regard to fun­da­men­tal legal aspects rele­vant to working in the guard and secu­ri­ty ser­vice. In addi­ti­on, the suc­cessful­ly pas­sed expert know­ledge exami­na­ti­on with pro­of from the Cham­ber of Indus­try and Com­mer­ce is a pre­re­qui­si­te for car­ry­ing out spe­cial guar­ding tasks and being allo­wed to beco­me self-employ­ed as a secu­ri­ty contractor.

A cer­ti­fi­ca­te of com­pe­tence is requi­red for the fol­lo­wing activities

As a secu­ri­ty guard (employee), you need pro­of that you have suc­cessful­ly pas­sed an exami­na­ti­on of com­pe­tence at the Cham­ber of Indus­try and Com­mer­ce (IHK) (accor­ding to § 34a GewO) if you pro­vi­de secu­ri­ty in the ent­rance area of dis­co­the­ques in the hos­pi­ta­li­ty indus­try (boun­cers), pat­rols in public traf­fic are­as (e.g. city pat­rols), pat­rols in are­as with actu­al public traf­fic, acti­vi­ties to pro­tect against shop­lif­ters (depart­ment store or store detec­ti­ves). (e.g. city pat­rols), pat­rols in are­as of the pre­mi­ses with actu­al public traf­fic, acti­vi­ties to pro­tect against shop­lif­ters (shop detec­ti­ves), guar­ding of asyl­um and refu­gee accom­mo­da­ti­on (only in a mana­ge­ri­al capa­ci­ty) as well as guar­ding of lar­ge events with pro­tec­ted access (only in a mana­ge­ri­al capacity).

The pur­po­se of the expert know­ledge examination

Why the­re is the expert know­ledge exami­na­ti­on has seve­ral reasons. When pri­va­te indi­vi­du­als — inclu­ding employees of secu­ri­ty com­pa­nies — guard other people’s lives or pro­per­ty, this ent­ails spe­cial duties and a gre­at respon­si­bi­li­ty. As a secu­ri­ty guard, you have to know your rights and the legal limits, i.e. what is allo­wed and what is for­bidden. On the other hand, due to their posi­ti­on as gua­ran­tor, they are obli­ged to pre­vent dama­ge to the cli­ent. In con­trast to the poli­ce, you do not have any spe­cial powers and must the­r­e­fo­re be able to weigh up exact­ly to what ext­ent you are allo­wed to inter­fe­re with the rights of third par­ties in a par­ti­cu­lar situa­ti­on. If you go too far, you run the risk of being char­ged with offen­ces such as depri­va­ti­on of liber­ty or bodi­ly harm. If you sleep on duty and do not com­ply with your duty to pro­tect, you can also end up in court for com­mit­ting an offence by omis­si­on if you cau­se harm. For the­se reasons, among others — lis­ted here as examp­les — it is important to acqui­re the spe­cia­li­sed know­ledge in order to later have the neces­sa­ry con­fi­dence to act in the guar­ding business.

COVID-19 update — IHK spe­cia­list know­ledge examination

COVID-19 update - IHK specialist knowledge examination

In April 2021, in the blog post “Are the­re curr­ent­ly any exami­na­ti­ons at the Cham­ber of Indus­try and Com­mer­ce becau­se of Coro­na?” about the cur­rent sta­te of affairs at that time regar­ding the imple­men­ta­ti­on of IHK pro­fes­sio­nal exami­na­ti­ons. For a while, exams were can­cel­led or post­po­ned. A strict hygie­ne regime applied.
After the back and forth of poli­tics regar­ding covid pro­tec­tion mea­su­res and dif­fe­rent rules, some of which were dif­fi­cult to com­pre­hend fac­tual­ly, a lar­ge part of the pre­vious requi­re­ments have now been repea­led in most fede­ral states.

If you have tes­ted posi­ti­ve for SARS-CoV‑2 and your exami­na­ti­on date is coming up, it is best to enqui­re at the respon­si­ble IHK about the curr­ent­ly pos­si­ble cour­se of action. It is con­ceiva­ble to with­draw from the exam and take it again at a later date or — depen­ding on the fede­ral sta­te — to take it under cer­tain pro­tec­ti­ve measures.

Note: All infor­ma­ti­on is wit­hout gua­ran­tee (as of 20.11.2022). Plea­se note the cur­rent requi­re­ments of the exami­ning IHK or the fede­ral state!

Why do so many par­ti­ci­pan­ts fail the expert know­ledge exami­na­ti­on? (§ 34a GewO)

Why do so many participants fail the expert knowledge examination? (§ 34a GewO)

What are the reasons why so many exami­nees fail the Cham­ber of Indus­try and Com­mer­ce (IHK) exami­na­ti­on in the secu­ri­ty industry?

This ques­ti­on is also posed by Jörg Zitz­mann and Kai Delio­mi­ni in the recom­men­da­ble Pod­cast for pro­tec­tion and secu­ri­ty (Video below!).

Both Jörg Zitz­mann as well as Kai Delio­mi­ni are very well known in the pri­va­te secu­ri­ty industry.
Among other things, both are repre­sen­ted in IHK exami­na­ti­on com­mit­tees in the field of pro­tec­tion and secu­ri­ty, are acti­ve as aut­hors of books for the pre­pa­ra­ti­on of the expert know­ledge exami­na­ti­on and are repre­sen­ted with many hel­pful vide­os on You­Tube and in podcasts.

Every second or third per­son fails the 34a test!

With not infre­quent fail­ure rates bet­ween 30 and 50%, the ques­ti­on natu­ral­ly ari­ses: What’s the reason?
Some fac­tors for suc­cess or fail­ure are obvious. Some pro­blems can be sol­ved quick­ly and easi­ly, some sim­ply requi­re inten­si­ve lear­ning, prac­ti­ce and per­se­ver­ance. Befo­re I go on to point out what I con­sider to be the main (mis)success fac­tors, here is the very inte­res­t­ing con­ver­sa­ti­on bet­ween Jörg Zitz­mann and Kai Delio­mi­ni on YouTube:

My top 5 reasons why so many peo­p­le fail the writ­ten and oral IHK spe­cia­list know­ledge examination

From my expe­ri­ence, the fol­lo­wing fac­tors are the main reasons for fail­ure with the “34a-licence”:

  1. Lack of moti­va­ti­on / lack of interest
    Many par­ti­ci­pan­ts do not see any added value in the exam. They have no real inte­rest in the con­tent, so they don’t want to learn at all. This is par­ti­cu­lar­ly pro­no­un­ced among peo­p­le who are “sent” by their employ­er or the employ­ment agen­cy and are not actual­ly inte­res­ted in the pri­va­te secu­ri­ty sec­tor at all. But even if the par­ti­ci­pa­ti­on its­elf is of their own accord: The exami­na­ti­on is often not seen as an oppor­tu­ni­ty but as a neces­sa­ry evil. Lack of moti­va­ti­on and inte­rest, howe­ver, are dia­me­tri­cal­ly oppo­sed to exam success.
  2. No suf­fi­ci­ent pre­pa­ra­ti­on of the content
    Some peo­p­le take the exam light­ly. Mul­ti­ple-choice ques­ti­ons with pre-set ans­wers to tick off and only 50% neces­sa­ry cor­rect ans­wers to pass — what could go wrong, you ask yours­elf. But far from it. The legal topics in par­ti­cu­lar are tough. In addi­ti­on, the­re is exci­te­ment, espe­ci­al­ly in the oral exam, and ques­ti­ons whe­re you may have to think a litt­le out­side the box. If you don’t have the neces­sa­ry know­ledge and thus the con­fi­dence to act, you will quick­ly be eli­mi­na­ted. Com­pre­hen­si­ve pre­pa­ra­ti­on is the be-all and end-all for exam success!
  3. Insuf­fi­ci­ent know­ledge of German
    A lot has alre­a­dy been asked and said about Ger­man lan­guage skills. One thing is cer­tain: many peo­p­le who work in the secu­ri­ty sec­tor are not nati­ve spea­k­ers of Ger­man. Mul­ti­l­in­gua­lism is often important for the job, but so is suf­fi­ci­ent know­ledge of Ger­man. This is becau­se the exami­na­ti­on is offe­red exclu­si­ve­ly in Ger­man and you must also be able to com­mu­ni­ca­te con­fi­dent­ly in Ger­man in your ever­y­day work as a secu­ri­ty guard. Legal texts are writ­ten in dif­fi­cult lan­guage, “offi­ci­a­le­se” is usual­ly just as dif­fi­cult to under­stand, and the exam ques­ti­ons some­ti­mes depend on indi­vi­du­al words that can chan­ge the mea­ning in one direc­tion or ano­ther or pro­vi­de hints for solutions.
  4. Struc­tu­re and man­ner of the exami­na­ti­on are unclear
    Many peo­p­le are not com­ple­te­ly clear about the frame­work con­di­ti­ons of the exam. But only if you know which topics are important and how, and how the exam is struc­tu­red, can you prepa­re for it spe­ci­fi­cal­ly and effi­ci­ent­ly. For exam­p­le, the­re are topics that you can quick­ly get over, which can usual­ly be ans­we­red with com­mon sen­se. Some topics, on the other hand, count twice and some requi­re more inten­si­ve stu­dy. In addi­ti­on, the­re are empi­ri­cal values for the oral exami­na­ti­on and tac­ti­cal tips for working through test ques­ti­ons, which should be con­vey­ed by a com­pe­tent lec­tu­rer or aut­hor, for example.
  5. Dif­fi­cult indi­vi­du­al conditions
    Of cour­se, peo­p­le are dif­fe­rent. Ever­yo­ne has dif­fe­rent per­so­nal pre­re­qui­si­tes and the gene­ral con­di­ti­ons (e.g. fami­ly obli­ga­ti­ons, free time for lear­ning, lear­ning envi­ron­ment, etc.) also play a signi­fi­cant role in suc­cess and fail­ure. You may also know peo­p­le who can memo­ri­se things with a “quick glan­ce” and recall this know­ledge at the snap of a fin­ger. Others, on the other hand, find this signi­fi­cant­ly more dif­fi­cult. Some peo­p­le also have no pro­blem at all spea­king in front of others in an exam situa­ti­on, most are natu­ral­ly ten­se, some par­ti­ci­pan­ts suf­fer down­right from exam anxiety.

Ask yours­elf to what ext­ent the points abo­ve app­ly to you, how you can avo­id mista­kes in your pre­pa­ra­ti­on and com­pen­sa­te for any defi­ci­ts. You can find more infor­ma­ti­on on this right here in the sub­ject know­ledge infor­ma­ti­on por­tal num­e­rous tips and Links to other sites or media such as You­Tube.

The latest book tips for the 34a:

Are the­re curr­ent­ly any exami­na­ti­ons at the Cham­ber of Indus­try and Com­mer­ce becau­se of Corona?

Are there currently any examinations at the Chamber of Industry and Commerce because of Corona?

Whe­ther pan­de­mic-rela­ted 34a exams are curr­ent­ly being con­duc­ted is a hot question

As things stand, the Cham­bers of Indus­try and Com­mer­ce (IHK’s) are try­ing to stick to the exis­ting dates for exami­na­ti­ons. Yes! The exams usual­ly take place. Howe­ver, the­re can be devia­ti­ons, becau­se in prin­ci­ple each cham­ber can deci­de for its­elf whe­ther an exami­na­ti­on is car­ri­ed out, can­cel­led wit­hout repla­ce­ment or post­po­ned. In the case of the cur­rent coro­na cri­sis, this also depends on the regio­nal inci­dence value, the cur­rent legal requi­re­ments and poli­ti­cal decisions.

Pan­de­mic plans/hygiene con­cepts and spe­ci­fi­ca­ti­ons of the IHK

Most cham­bers have hygie­ne con­cepts that spe­ci­fy the con­di­ti­ons under which exami­na­ti­ons can be car­ri­ed out.
For many cham­bers, the fol­lo­wing rules app­ly (wit­hout guarantee):

Up-to-date infor­ma­ti­on!

Fur­ther appli­es: It is best to find out direct­ly from the exami­ning IHK what you have to obser­ve — whe­ther, for exam­p­le, a medi­cal cer­ti­fi­ca­te must be sub­mit­ted or whe­ther chan­ges have occur­red at short noti­ce. The web­site of the respec­ti­ve IHK (key­word News / Coro­na) quick­ly pro­vi­des sub­stan­ti­al infor­ma­ti­on here.

Big ticket, litt­le ticket — what is that sup­po­sed to be?

Big ticket, little ticket - what is that supposed to be?

The con­fu­si­on is great

Again and again one reads in job offers, job appli­ca­ti­ons or cour­se offers about the big or small “Secu­ri­ty cer­ti­fi­ca­te” — some­ti­mes just cal­led a lar­ge or small note.
Such terms are also fre­quent­ly used in forums, on social net­works or even on the pages of cour­se pro­vi­ders. But bewa­re: The­re is no such thing as a lar­ge or small secu­ri­ty pass!


What is meant by “secu­ri­ty certificate”?

Sec­tion 34a of the Trade, Com­mer­ce and Indus­try Regu­la­ti­on Act (Gewer­be­ord­nung) con­ta­ins important pro­vi­si­ons on what a per­son must ful­fil if he or she wants to “pro­fes­sio­nal­ly guard the lives or pro­per­ty of other peo­p­le”. The § 34a GewO is pri­ma­ri­ly aimed at Secu­ri­ty con­trac­tor and regu­la­tes what they must ful­fil in order to regis­ter a guar­ding trade. Howe­ver, it also regu­la­tes that the trades­man may only ent­rust the per­for­mance of guar­ding tasks to per­sons as Workers who, as guards, on the one hand, are per­mit­ted to requi­red Relia­bi­li­ty on the other hand, have cer­tain Mini­mum qua­li­fi­ca­ti­ons have to show. With regard to qua­li­fi­ca­ti­on, this omi­nous “cer­ti­fi­ca­te” often comes into play: by “lar­ge cer­ti­fi­ca­te” some mean the suc­cessful pas­sed exami­na­ti­on, i.e. pro­of of the pas­sed test per­for­mance at the Cham­ber of Indus­try and Com­mer­ce. The “small cer­ti­fi­ca­te” is some­ti­mes cal­led the Par­ti­ci­pa­ti­on in the brie­fing This is a cour­se in which you only have to com­ple­te 40 tea­ching units and recei­ve a cer­ti­fi­ca­te of atten­dance, the “cer­ti­fi­ca­te of atten­dance”. Pro­of of ins­truc­tion, is given. During the ins­truc­tion, no know­ledge is sys­te­ma­ti­cal­ly tes­ted, only a kind of short com­pre­hen­si­on test takes place. In the case of the exami­na­ti­on of pro­fes­sio­nal com­pe­tence, on the other hand, the­re is a 120-minu­te writ­ten test and a sub­se­quent oral exami­na­ti­on. The Exper­ti­se test is accor­din­gly clear hig­her-qua­li­ty than the ins­truc­tion and one is also allo­wed to take on spe­cial sur­veil­lan­ce acti­vi­ties, such as pat­rols in public traf­fic are­as or working as a shop detec­ti­ve. How the ins­truc­tion pro­ce­du­re and the exami­na­ti­on of com­pe­tence work, what is asked and who does not have to take part in it, if appli­ca­ble, is descri­bed (among other points) in the Sur­veil­lan­ce Ordi­nan­ce regulated.


Why are the wrong terms used for the expert know­ledge examination?

In my esti­ma­ti­on, this has various cau­ses. Some peo­p­le sim­ply do not know any bet­ter, some pro­no­un­ce Con­ve­ni­ence only brief­ly of the “appearance” and some per­sons (espe­ci­al­ly com­pa­nies) use inten­tio­nal­ly wrong terms. Sin­ce the actual­ly wrong terms are quite com­mon in cer­tain cir­cles (espe­ci­al­ly among the less qua­li­fied), many peo­p­le who want to prepa­re for the exami­na­ti­on of pro­fes­sio­nal com­pe­tence sim­ply search for the term “secu­ri­ty cer­ti­fi­ca­te”, for exam­p­le. Or else Com­pa­nies mis­lead pro­s­pec­ti­ve cus­to­mers into belie­ving they have more than they actual­ly have in them: In the past, the­re have always been trai­ning com­pa­nies that offe­red a “safe­ty spe­cia­list” qua­li­fi­ca­ti­on. That sounds like more! But what is actual­ly included is usual­ly “only” the pre­pa­ra­ti­on for the qua­li­fi­ca­ti­on. At a pri­ce of many hundreds or even more than a thousand euros. The spe­cia­list for pro­tec­tion and secu­ri­ty, on the other hand, is a real 3‑year voca­tio­nal trai­ning — the­re is a risk of con­fu­si­on! My tip: So pay clo­se atten­ti­on to the terms used and, if in doubt, ask what is spe­ci­fi­cal­ly meant by them. It is best to express yours­elf cle­ar­ly and use the right ter­mi­no­lo­gy. This will show that you know your stuff 🙂


Recent­ly, Jörg Zitz­mann also dealt with the issue of “large/ small appearan­ces” in his pod­cast for pro­tec­tion and secu­ri­ty in epi­so­de 328. As mana­ging direc­tor of the Aca­de­my for Secu­ri­ty, he regu­lar­ly recei­ves such enqui­ries and cla­ri­fies:

Exper­ti­se info page: Ever­y­thing new!

Expertise info page: Everything new!

Hel­lo to all tho­se inte­res­ted in expertise!

As of today, the infor­ma­ti­on page on the sub­ject has a new look. The site has been com­ple­te­ly rede­si­gned gra­phi­cal­ly and is now also easy to use on smart­phones! In addi­ti­on, the ran­ge of ser­vices has been expan­ded. Ask your ques­ti­on in the Forum or use the Page searchif you need infor­ma­ti­on on a spe­ci­fic subject.

News always in the blog

Also new is the web­log whe­re you are curr­ent­ly rea­ding this post. I will inform you here in short posts when­ever the­re is news about the 34a pro­fes­sio­nal qua­li­fi­ca­ti­on examination!

About me

My name is Han­nes Fich­tel, I am an exami­ner in various exami­na­ti­on boards in the field of pro­tec­tion & secu­ri­ty at the IHK. I have been working in pri­va­te secu­ri­ty sin­ce 2006. Start­ing with the ins­truc­tion accor­ding to § 34a GewO and the trai­ning as a spe­cia­list for pro­tec­tion and secu­ri­ty, I have deve­lo­ped fur­ther via the advan­ced trai­ning as a mas­ter for pro­tec­tion and secu­ri­ty (IHK) up to the bache­lor and mas­ter stu­dies in the secu­ri­ty indus­try. I run the exper­ti­se info­por­tal and am hap­py to ans­wer any ques­ti­ons you may have!

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