34a test

The­se are the advan­ta­ges of lear­ning with exam ques­ti­ons for the 34a exam

These are the advantages of learning with exam questions for the 34a exam

Lear­ning with exam ques­ti­ons is a pro­ven method used by many stu­dents to impro­ve their under­stan­ding and know­ledge of cer­tain topics. 

Why 34a pre­pa­ra­ti­on with exam ques­ti­ons makes sense

When ans­we­ring exam ques­ti­ons, you get feed­back on how well you have unders­tood the mate­ri­al and can work spe­ci­fi­cal­ly on the dif­fi­cult parts to impro­ve your know­ledge. You can iden­ti­fy gaps in your under­stan­ding and tar­get them. Through regu­lar feed­back, you can ensu­re that you are con­ti­nuous­ly impro­ving and track your pro­gress.
Ano­ther advan­ta­ge of lear­ning with exam ques­ti­ons is the deeper enga­ge­ment with the lear­ning con­tent. When ans­we­ring exam ques­ti­ons, one has to deal with the con­tent more inten­si­ve­ly and make con­nec­tions bet­ween dif­fe­rent topics. By del­ving deeper into the infor­ma­ti­on, one can gain a deeper under­stan­ding of the topic. By repea­ting and app­ly­ing the infor­ma­ti­on, memo­ry is impro­ved. When you stu­dy a topic inten­si­ve­ly and actively app­ly what you have lear­ned, it sticks bet­ter in your memo­ry.
Exam ques­ti­ons also focus atten­ti­on on the most important aspects of the lear­ning mate­ri­al and help to eli­mi­na­te irrele­vant infor­ma­ti­on. By focu­sing on rele­vant infor­ma­ti­on, the brain is bet­ter able to absorb and pro­cess it. This leads to a bet­ter under­stan­ding of the lear­ning mate­ri­al.
One of the most important bene­fits of lear­ning with exam ques­ti­ons is the simu­la­ti­on of an exam situa­ti­on. This can also help to redu­ce exam anxie­ty. Exam anxie­ty can be a signi­fi­cant bar­ri­er to lear­ning, as it can cau­se you to per­form worse than you actual­ly could. By prac­ti­sing exam ques­ti­ons, you can beco­me more attu­n­ed to the type of ques­ti­ons and the exam pro­cess. This can help redu­ce exam anxie­ty and boost confidence.

Other advan­ta­ges of lear­ning with exam questions


Over­all, lear­ning with exam ques­ti­ons offers many advan­ta­ges. It helps to impro­ve the under­stan­ding of lear­ning con­tent, streng­then memo­ry and redu­ce the fear of exams. Through regu­lar feed­back and tar­ge­ted prac­ti­ce, you can work spe­ci­fi­cal­ly on the dif­fi­cult parts and track your pro­gress. Lear­ning with exam ques­ti­ons is an effec­ti­ve way to prepa­re for exams and suc­ceed. Pre­pa­ring for the exam with exam ques­ti­ons is the­r­e­fo­re an important fac­tor in suc­cessful­ly pas­sing the IHK exam. Why memo­ri­sing alo­ne is not neces­s­a­ri­ly enough to pass the 34a exam, learn more in this blog post.

Tip: Exam ques­ti­ons on YouTube

What is a 34a examination?

What is a 34a examination?

The expert know­ledge exami­na­ti­on accor­ding to § 34a of the Trade, Com­mer­ce and Indus­try Regu­la­ti­on Act is an ent­ry-level qua­li­fi­ca­ti­on for employees in the pri­va­te secu­ri­ty indus­try. It ser­ves as pro­of of basic know­ledge, espe­ci­al­ly with regard to fun­da­men­tal legal aspects rele­vant to working in the guard and secu­ri­ty ser­vice. In addi­ti­on, the suc­cessful­ly pas­sed expert know­ledge exami­na­ti­on with pro­of from the Cham­ber of Indus­try and Com­mer­ce is a pre­re­qui­si­te for car­ry­ing out spe­cial guar­ding tasks and being allo­wed to beco­me self-employ­ed as a secu­ri­ty contractor.

A cer­ti­fi­ca­te of com­pe­tence is requi­red for the fol­lo­wing activities

As a secu­ri­ty guard (employee), you need pro­of that you have suc­cessful­ly pas­sed an exami­na­ti­on of com­pe­tence at the Cham­ber of Indus­try and Com­mer­ce (IHK) (accor­ding to § 34a GewO) if you pro­vi­de secu­ri­ty in the ent­rance area of dis­co­the­ques in the hos­pi­ta­li­ty indus­try (boun­cers), pat­rols in public traf­fic are­as (e.g. city pat­rols), pat­rols in are­as with actu­al public traf­fic, acti­vi­ties to pro­tect against shop­lif­ters (depart­ment store or store detec­ti­ves). (e.g. city pat­rols), pat­rols in are­as of the pre­mi­ses with actu­al public traf­fic, acti­vi­ties to pro­tect against shop­lif­ters (shop detec­ti­ves), guar­ding of asyl­um and refu­gee accom­mo­da­ti­on (only in a mana­ge­ri­al capa­ci­ty) as well as guar­ding of lar­ge events with pro­tec­ted access (only in a mana­ge­ri­al capacity).

The pur­po­se of the expert know­ledge examination

Why the­re is the expert know­ledge exami­na­ti­on has seve­ral reasons. When pri­va­te indi­vi­du­als — inclu­ding employees of secu­ri­ty com­pa­nies — guard other people’s lives or pro­per­ty, this ent­ails spe­cial duties and a gre­at respon­si­bi­li­ty. As a secu­ri­ty guard, you have to know your rights and the legal limits, i.e. what is allo­wed and what is for­bidden. On the other hand, due to their posi­ti­on as gua­ran­tor, they are obli­ged to pre­vent dama­ge to the cli­ent. In con­trast to the poli­ce, you do not have any spe­cial powers and must the­r­e­fo­re be able to weigh up exact­ly to what ext­ent you are allo­wed to inter­fe­re with the rights of third par­ties in a par­ti­cu­lar situa­ti­on. If you go too far, you run the risk of being char­ged with offen­ces such as depri­va­ti­on of liber­ty or bodi­ly harm. If you sleep on duty and do not com­ply with your duty to pro­tect, you can also end up in court for com­mit­ting an offence by omis­si­on if you cau­se harm. For the­se reasons, among others — lis­ted here as examp­les — it is important to acqui­re the spe­cia­li­sed know­ledge in order to later have the neces­sa­ry con­fi­dence to act in the guar­ding business.

Why do so many par­ti­ci­pan­ts fail the expert know­ledge exami­na­ti­on? (§ 34a GewO)

Why do so many participants fail the expert knowledge examination? (§ 34a GewO)

What are the reasons why so many exami­nees fail the Cham­ber of Indus­try and Com­mer­ce (IHK) exami­na­ti­on in the secu­ri­ty industry?

This ques­ti­on is also posed by Jörg Zitz­mann and Kai Delio­mi­ni in the recom­men­da­ble Pod­cast for pro­tec­tion and secu­ri­ty (Video below!).

Both Jörg Zitz­mann as well as Kai Delio­mi­ni are very well known in the pri­va­te secu­ri­ty industry.
Among other things, both are repre­sen­ted in IHK exami­na­ti­on com­mit­tees in the field of pro­tec­tion and secu­ri­ty, are acti­ve as aut­hors of books for the pre­pa­ra­ti­on of the expert know­ledge exami­na­ti­on and are repre­sen­ted with many hel­pful vide­os on You­Tube and in podcasts.

Every second or third per­son fails the 34a test!

With not infre­quent fail­ure rates bet­ween 30 and 50%, the ques­ti­on natu­ral­ly ari­ses: What’s the reason?
Some fac­tors for suc­cess or fail­ure are obvious. Some pro­blems can be sol­ved quick­ly and easi­ly, some sim­ply requi­re inten­si­ve lear­ning, prac­ti­ce and per­se­ver­ance. Befo­re I go on to point out what I con­sider to be the main (mis)success fac­tors, here is the very inte­res­t­ing con­ver­sa­ti­on bet­ween Jörg Zitz­mann and Kai Delio­mi­ni on YouTube:

My top 5 reasons why so many peo­p­le fail the writ­ten and oral IHK spe­cia­list know­ledge examination

From my expe­ri­ence, the fol­lo­wing fac­tors are the main reasons for fail­ure with the “34a-licence”:

  1. Lack of moti­va­ti­on / lack of interest
    Many par­ti­ci­pan­ts do not see any added value in the exam. They have no real inte­rest in the con­tent, so they don’t want to learn at all. This is par­ti­cu­lar­ly pro­no­un­ced among peo­p­le who are “sent” by their employ­er or the employ­ment agen­cy and are not actual­ly inte­res­ted in the pri­va­te secu­ri­ty sec­tor at all. But even if the par­ti­ci­pa­ti­on its­elf is of their own accord: The exami­na­ti­on is often not seen as an oppor­tu­ni­ty but as a neces­sa­ry evil. Lack of moti­va­ti­on and inte­rest, howe­ver, are dia­me­tri­cal­ly oppo­sed to exam success.
  2. No suf­fi­ci­ent pre­pa­ra­ti­on of the content
    Some peo­p­le take the exam light­ly. Mul­ti­ple-choice ques­ti­ons with pre-set ans­wers to tick off and only 50% neces­sa­ry cor­rect ans­wers to pass — what could go wrong, you ask yours­elf. But far from it. The legal topics in par­ti­cu­lar are tough. In addi­ti­on, the­re is exci­te­ment, espe­ci­al­ly in the oral exam, and ques­ti­ons whe­re you may have to think a litt­le out­side the box. If you don’t have the neces­sa­ry know­ledge and thus the con­fi­dence to act, you will quick­ly be eli­mi­na­ted. Com­pre­hen­si­ve pre­pa­ra­ti­on is the be-all and end-all for exam success!
  3. Insuf­fi­ci­ent know­ledge of German
    A lot has alre­a­dy been asked and said about Ger­man lan­guage skills. One thing is cer­tain: many peo­p­le who work in the secu­ri­ty sec­tor are not nati­ve spea­k­ers of Ger­man. Mul­ti­l­in­gua­lism is often important for the job, but so is suf­fi­ci­ent know­ledge of Ger­man. This is becau­se the exami­na­ti­on is offe­red exclu­si­ve­ly in Ger­man and you must also be able to com­mu­ni­ca­te con­fi­dent­ly in Ger­man in your ever­y­day work as a secu­ri­ty guard. Legal texts are writ­ten in dif­fi­cult lan­guage, “offi­ci­a­le­se” is usual­ly just as dif­fi­cult to under­stand, and the exam ques­ti­ons some­ti­mes depend on indi­vi­du­al words that can chan­ge the mea­ning in one direc­tion or ano­ther or pro­vi­de hints for solutions.
  4. Struc­tu­re and man­ner of the exami­na­ti­on are unclear
    Many peo­p­le are not com­ple­te­ly clear about the frame­work con­di­ti­ons of the exam. But only if you know which topics are important and how, and how the exam is struc­tu­red, can you prepa­re for it spe­ci­fi­cal­ly and effi­ci­ent­ly. For exam­p­le, the­re are topics that you can quick­ly get over, which can usual­ly be ans­we­red with com­mon sen­se. Some topics, on the other hand, count twice and some requi­re more inten­si­ve stu­dy. In addi­ti­on, the­re are empi­ri­cal values for the oral exami­na­ti­on and tac­ti­cal tips for working through test ques­ti­ons, which should be con­vey­ed by a com­pe­tent lec­tu­rer or aut­hor, for example.
  5. Dif­fi­cult indi­vi­du­al conditions
    Of cour­se, peo­p­le are dif­fe­rent. Ever­yo­ne has dif­fe­rent per­so­nal pre­re­qui­si­tes and the gene­ral con­di­ti­ons (e.g. fami­ly obli­ga­ti­ons, free time for lear­ning, lear­ning envi­ron­ment, etc.) also play a signi­fi­cant role in suc­cess and fail­ure. You may also know peo­p­le who can memo­ri­se things with a “quick glan­ce” and recall this know­ledge at the snap of a fin­ger. Others, on the other hand, find this signi­fi­cant­ly more dif­fi­cult. Some peo­p­le also have no pro­blem at all spea­king in front of others in an exam situa­ti­on, most are natu­ral­ly ten­se, some par­ti­ci­pan­ts suf­fer down­right from exam anxiety.

Ask yours­elf to what ext­ent the points abo­ve app­ly to you, how you can avo­id mista­kes in your pre­pa­ra­ti­on and com­pen­sa­te for any defi­ci­ts. You can find more infor­ma­ti­on on this right here in the sub­ject know­ledge infor­ma­ti­on por­tal num­e­rous tips and Links to other sites or media such as You­Tube.

The latest book tips for the 34a:

Exper­ti­se info page: Ever­y­thing new!

Expertise info page: Everything new!

Hel­lo to all tho­se inte­res­ted in expertise!

As of today, the infor­ma­ti­on page on the sub­ject has a new look. The site has been com­ple­te­ly rede­si­gned gra­phi­cal­ly and is now also easy to use on smart­phones! In addi­ti­on, the ran­ge of ser­vices has been expan­ded. Ask your ques­ti­on in the Forum or use the Page searchif you need infor­ma­ti­on on a spe­ci­fic subject.

News always in the blog

Also new is the web­log whe­re you are curr­ent­ly rea­ding this post. I will inform you here in short artic­les when­ever the­re is news about the 34a exami­na­ti­on or other secu­ri­ty topics!

About me

My name is Han­nes Fich­tel, I am an exami­ner in various exami­na­ti­on boards in the field of pro­tec­tion & secu­ri­ty at the IHK. I have been working in pri­va­te secu­ri­ty sin­ce 2006. Start­ing with the ins­truc­tion accor­ding to § 34a GewO and the trai­ning as a spe­cia­list for pro­tec­tion and secu­ri­ty, I have deve­lo­ped fur­ther via the advan­ced trai­ning as a mas­ter for pro­tec­tion and secu­ri­ty (IHK) up to the bache­lor and mas­ter stu­dies in the secu­ri­ty indus­try. I run the exper­ti­se info­por­tal and am hap­py to ans­wer any ques­ti­ons you may have!