34a topics

What is asked in the examination?

What is asked in the examination?

Exami­na­ti­on topics/contents

The topics of the expert know­ledge exami­na­ti­on in the guar­ding trade (§ 34a GewO) are

  1. Law of public safe­ty and order inclu­ding trade law,
  2. Data pro­tec­tion law,
  3. Civil Code,
  4. Cri­mi­nal law and cri­mi­nal pro­ce­du­re, hand­ling weapons,
  5. Acci­dent pre­ven­ti­on regu­la­ti­on for guard and secu­ri­ty services,
  6. Deal­ing with peo­p­le, espe­ci­al­ly beha­viour in dan­ge­rous situa­tions, de-escala­ti­on tech­ni­ques in con­flict situa­tions as well as inter­cul­tu­ral com­pe­tence with spe­cial atten­ti­on to diver­si­ty and social diver­si­ty and
  7. Basic prin­ci­ples of safe­ty engineering.


It is par­ti­cu­lar­ly important for pre­pa­ra­ti­on that some sub­ject are­as count twice. In par­ti­cu­lar the legal con­tents are with regard to the scoring stron­ger weigh­tedname­ly con­cre­te­ly Law of public safe­ty and order, Civil Code and Cri­mi­nal law and cri­mi­nal pro­ce­du­re.

The num­ber of ques­ti­ons and the maxi­mum points to be achie­ved in the overview:

  • Public secu­ri­ty law: 4 ques­ti­ons / 8 points
  • Gewer­be­recht (GewO / BewachV): 4 ques­ti­ons / 4 points
  • Data pro­tec­tion law (BDSG/DSGVO): 4 ques­ti­ons / 4 points
  • Civil Law (BGB): 12 ques­ti­ons / 24 points
  • Cri­mi­nal law / cri­mi­nal pro­ce­du­re law: 12 ques­ti­ons / 24 points
  • Wea­pons Act (WaffG): 4 ques­ti­ons / 4 points
  • Acci­dent pre­ven­ti­on regu­la­ti­ons: 8 ques­ti­ons / 8 points
  • Deal­ing with peo­p­le: 16 ques­ti­ons / 16 points
  • Safe­ty engi­nee­ring: 8 ques­ti­ons / 8 points

Exam ques­ti­ons

When stu­dy­ing, it is best to con­cen­tra­te on exam ques­ti­ons on legal topics. Basic know­ledge is rele­vant here (Basic Law, e.g. sta­te structure/principles) as well as the rele­vant para­graphs from the Cri­mi­nal Code (StGB) and the Civil Code (BGB). Clas­sics are ques­ti­ons on the basic struc­tu­re, legal defi­ni­ti­ons, offen­ces with their cha­rac­te­ristics and offen­ces. You should also place a strong focus on the so-cal­led everyman’s rights (grounds for jus­ti­fi­ca­ti­on and excu­se). In the area of the Code of Cri­mi­nal Pro­ce­du­re (StPO), the pro­vi­sio­nal arrest found in sec­tion 127 is relevant.

Both the writ­ten and oral exami­na­ti­ons cover the topics lis­ted above.
The legal basis is the Sur­veil­lan­ce Ordi­nan­cename­ly § 9 in con­junc­tion with § 7 BewachV. The list of exami­na­ti­on topics or con­tents can be found in Annex 2 of the BewachV.


In this blog of the Sach­kun­de-Info­por­tal, ques­ti­ons are pre­sen­ted again and again that can occur in the exam in this or a simi­lar way.
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